Publications

Fiscal Policy Responses to the Coronavirus Outbreak

| 20 March 2020
Blog, Fiscal | Tags: Covid-19, Inequality, Informality, Tax Expenditures, VAT
The global crisis we are facing is one of the worst in history. The priority, obviously, is to reduce the number of coronavirus victims. At the same time, mitigating the economic impacts is vital. Both the real economy and financial markets worldwide have already been hard ... continue reading

Central Banks and Climate Change

| 21 February 2020
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Central Banks, Climate Change, Credit Risk, Governing Finance
Central banks must supplement their risk processes to reflect climate risks. This is neither a conflict of objectives nor an overburdening of their mandate, but a fiduciary duty. ... continue reading

A European Anti–Money Laundering Supervisor: From Vision to Legislation

and | 10 February 2020
Blog, Monetary | Tags: AML, Financial Supervision, Governing Finance
The European Union is moving toward implementing a policy to strengthen anti–money laundering (AML) supervision across its Single Market, namely enforcing requirements on banks and other firms to ensure they do not facilitate transactions involving proceeds from illegal activities. The European Commission, in charge of ... continue reading

Scenarios for Fiscal Space. Adapting to the Long-Term Challenges of Climate Change

| 28 January 2020
Discussion Notes, Fiscal | Tags: Climate Change, Fiscal Space, IMF
Climate change poses significant challenges for governments seeking to assess their long-run financial condition. Looking forward, climate change is likely to threaten multiple aspects of a country’s economy. Governments will necessarily be required to provide support in adapting to these challenges. While considerable uncertainty exists ... continue reading

Should Monetary Policy Take Inequality and Climate Change into Account?

| 24 January 2020
Discussion Notes, Monetary | Tags: Climate Change, Governing Finance, Inequality
Should central banks take more account of ethical issues, notably the impact of monetary policy actions on the distribution of income and wealth and on efforts to combat climate change, in the design and implementation of the wider monetary policy toolkit they have been using ... continue reading