Publications

COVID-19 and Inequality: The Urgent Need for Tax Expenditure Reform

and | 24 November 2020
Blog, Fiscal | Tags: Covid-19, Inequality, Tax Expenditures, Tax Reform
The economic impact of COVID-19 is both unprecedented and far-reaching. There is now little doubt that the pandemic will disproportionally hit the worse-off, hence exacerbating inequality. It is also clear that the pandemic is particularly affecting groups and sectors that were already under significant stress ... continue reading

Central Banks Must Upgrade Their Risk Management

| 23 November 2020
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Central Banks, Climate Change, Climate Risk
The COVID-19 crisis is a stark reminder of how sharply asset values can shift. Amid a crashing demand for oil and gas, giant energy companies like BP, Chevron and Shell massively wrote down the value of their assets. And those that did not, like Exxon, ... continue reading

Central Bank Market Neutrality is a Myth

and | 16 October 2020
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Asset Purchases, Central Banks, Climate Change, Foreign Exchange Reserves, Market Neutrality
Christine Lagarde, the President of the European Central Bank (ECB), this week raised the critical question whether, in view of market failures, market neutrality should remain the guiding principle driving central banks’ policy portfolio management. Her spotlight on market neutrality underscores growing and overdue scrutiny ... continue reading

Central Banks Must Heed Their Own Warnings on Climate Risks

| 13 October 2020
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Asset Purchases, Central Banks, Climate Risk, Collateral Frameworks
The Central Banks and Supervisors Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS), a group of more than 70 central banks and financial supervisors across the globe, has repeatedly highlighted that climate risks are financial risks. Its members have also continuously put a spotlight on the ... continue reading

Tackling Inequality Through Tax Expenditure Reform

and | 24 September 2020
Fiscal, Policy Briefs | Tags: G20, Inequality, Tax Expenditures, VAT
Inequality endangers social cohesion and hampers economic growth, and as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic, inequality is set to increase. Hence, the commitment of the Group of Twenty (G20) to address inequality in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is arguably more ... continue reading