Policy Briefs

Aligning Central Bank Refinancing Operations with the G20 Agenda

and | 6 October 2021
Monetary, Policy Briefs | Tags: Central Banks, Climate Risk, G20, Targeted Refinancing Lines
Since the Pittsburgh Summit in 2009, G20 leaders have repeatedly highlighted inclusive growth and environmental protection as core objectives in their joint declarations. With the widening of economic inequalities and the acceleration of climate change and biodiversity loss, their calls for action have gained further ... continue reading

Digital Trade: Top Trade Negotiation Priorities for Cross-Border Data Flows and Online Trade in Services

, , , , and | 16 September 2021
Policy Briefs, Trade | Tags: Digitalization, Services Trade, WTO
This policy brief sets out recommendations to achieve a new multilateral framework of trade rules in the digital arena, thereby facilitating continued digital transformation of services and growth in cross-border flows of data. The present moment is critical. Successful conclusion of World Trade Organization (WTO) ... continue reading

Systemic Risk Buffers – The Missing Piece in the Prudential Response to Climate Risks

| 1 June 2021
Monetary, Policy Briefs | Tags: Climate Risk, European Systemic Risk Board, Macroprudential Regulation, Systemic Risks
Climate-related financial risks can potentially destabilize the financial sector. This fact is acknowledged by the major international financial bodies – the Financial Stability Board (FSB), the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) – as well as by the Central Banks and ... continue reading

“If Something Cannot Go on Forever, It Will Stop“

| 1 April 2021
Fiscal, Monetary, Policy Briefs | Tags: Covid-19, Debt, Democracy, Environment, Financial Stability, Health Systems, Inequality, International Cooperation, Resilience
“If something cannot go on forever, it will stop.” This famous observation was made by Herb Stein, Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. It became famous largely because it was just that, obvious. Yet, what is no less obvious is that public policy is ... continue reading

Services Trade Governance in the Digital Economy

| 26 March 2021
Policy Briefs, Trade | Tags: Digitalization, Services Trade, Trade Policy
Services are at the frontier of the transformation to a digital economy. R&D as well as information and communication technology drive the transformation and make services more tradable across borders. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) governing global services trade was designed in ... continue reading