Policy Briefs

G7 Countries Must Urgently Phase Out Fossil Fuel Subsidies

, and | 8 April 2022
Fiscal, Policy Briefs | Tags: Climate Change, Fossil Fuel Subsidies
The world’s governments have pledged to fight climate change, yet many still subsidize fossil fuels, the combustion of which increases GHG emissions. Phasing out these subsidies is thus vital to combating climate change. What this Policy Brief proposes is that G7 Governments reaffirm their commitment ... continue reading

A Dashboard for Biodiversity Risk Metrics

, and | 24 March 2022
Monetary, Policy Briefs | Tags: Biodiversity Risk, Central Banks
This policy brief calls on central banks and financial supervisors to build and use a dashboard of biodiversity metrics to assess biodiversity risks in terms of both dependencies and impacts. In order for these metrics to become fully operational, they should cover risks for firms ... continue reading

Monetary Policy Operations and Biodiversity Loss

| 24 March 2022
Monetary, Policy Briefs | Tags: Biodiversity Risk, Central Banks, Climate Change
“Biodiversity is declining at unprecedented rates in human history, with growing evidence that this could have significant economic and financial implications”. In this regard, biodiversity loss is very similar to climate change: both entail physical risks that could translate into substantial economic and financial losses, ... continue reading

The EU Digital Market Regulations: Rule-Maker or Deal-Breaker?

, and | 3 February 2022
Policy Briefs, Trade | Tags: Digitalization, Services Trade
The digital transformation of the economy and society gives rise to a need for updated regulations and rules of the game for the digitised market. Within the EU, this need has been reflected in a number of legislative initiatives, most recently the Digital Markets Act (DMA), ... continue reading

Aligning Central Bank Refinancing Operations with the G20 Agenda

and | 6 October 2021
Monetary, Policy Briefs | Tags: Central Banks, Climate Risk, G20, Targeted Refinancing Lines
Since the Pittsburgh Summit in 2009, G20 leaders have repeatedly highlighted inclusive growth and environmental protection as core objectives in their joint declarations. With the widening of economic inequalities and the acceleration of climate change and biodiversity loss, their calls for action have gained further ... continue reading