Publications

Financial Stability and Inequality: A Challenge for Macroprudential Regulation

| 5 June 2018
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Central Banks, Financial Regulation, Financial Stability, Inequality, Macroprudential Regulation
The global financial crisis shed new light on the role that central banks play for financial stability. In response to the financial turmoil, central banks took radical action to stabilize the financial system, by providing liquidity to banks and buying up financial assets. Following these ... continue reading

Energy Tax Expenditures in a Globalized Economy

and | 9 May 2018
Discussion Notes, Fiscal, Trade | Tags: Energy, Tax Competition, Tax Expenditures
Countries around the world have introduced energy taxes to expand revenues, reduce energy consumption and curb greenhouse gas emissions. In that context, they have frequently also implemented tax provisions to lower the energy tax bill for certain industries, households and regions. Tax exemptions and deductions ... continue reading

Central Banks and the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

| 22 March 2018
Discussion Notes, Monetary | Tags: Central Banks, Environment, Macroprudential Regulation, Quantitative Easing
Climate change is a fundamental challenge for our societies. Containing it will require a profound and radical transformation of our economic system, including a substantial reorientation of investments toward low-carbon technologies. The question to what extent central banks can and should contribute to this effort ... continue reading

How’s Life?

| 22 January 2018
Fiscal, Monetary, Publications, Trade | Tags: Environment, Inequality
In November, the OECD published its most recent report on a short but fundamental question: How’s Life? Income is an important, but not the only factor in determining the answer. The OECD reflects this by going beyond the focus on GDP, that has for long ... continue reading

Climate Change Adds to Risk for Banks, but EU Lending Proposals Will Do More Harm Than Good

and | 17 January 2018
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Climate Change, Financial Stability, Macroprudential Regulation
Climate change is a relevant risk factor for the banking sector, but the European Commission's plan to lower capital requirements for greener investments is irresponsible in encouraging banks to forego proper risk management. ... continue reading