Publications

Central Banks Should Reflect Climate Risks in Monetary Policy Operations

| 10 September 2018
Monetary, Policy Briefs | Tags: Asset purchases, Central Banks, Climate risk, Collateral framework
The transition to a low-carbon economy requires a shift in capital allocation from incumbent carbon-intensive technologies to new low-carbon technologies. Financial markets play a key role in this process: they influence firms’ investment costs and serve as reference point in investors’ decisions. Currently, there ... continue reading

Climate Change and Finance: What Role for Central Banks and Financial Regulators?

, , , , and | 7 September 2018
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Central Banks, Climate Change, Environment, Financial Regulation
Climate change poses risks to the financial system. Yet our understanding of these risks is still limited. As we explain in a recent paper published in Nature Climate Change, central banks and financial regulators could contribute to the development of methodologies and modelling tools for ... continue reading

Mend It, Don´t End It: The case for upgrading the G20’s pledge on protectionism

, , , , , , , , , , , , , and | 3 September 2018
Policy Briefs, Trade | Tags: Protectionism, Services Trade
Despite neutering the official monitoring of protectionism, unmistakable evidence assembled from state sources demonstrates that G20 members routinely violate their “no protectionism” pledge. ... continue reading

Mitigating the Adjustment Costs of International Trade

, , , , , , and | 3 September 2018
Policy Briefs, Trade | Tags: Employment
The evidence demonstrating that nations gain from trade is overwhelming. However, trade liberalization can cause disruption to firms and workers, and its gains and losses are spread unevenly. ... continue reading

Are Tax Incentives in Nigeria Attracting Investment or Giving Away Revenue?

| 16 August 2018
Blog, Fiscal | Tags: Tax Competition, Tax Expenditures
For over a decade, Nigeria, like so many developing countries, has been granting a number of tax incentives to multinational companies in a bid to attract foreign direct investment. Proponents of the incentives argue that the measures are vital to the development of the economy, ... continue reading