Publications

Trade Implications of Tax Expenditures

, , , , and | 15 September 2020
Fiscal, Policy Briefs, Trade | Tags: Carbon Tax, Digitalization, Illicit Financial Flows, Tax Competition, Tax Expenditures
International trade and taxation are inextricably linked and have been high-priority issues within the Group of Twenty (G20) agenda. However, the interconnections between international trade and tax expenditures—that is, benefits granted through preferential tax treatment—have been overlooked. This brief calls for a better design of ... continue reading

Worthy Goals, Flawed Policies – Why Increasing Tax Deductions for Parents Can be Wrong

| 4 September 2020
Blog, Fiscal | Tags: Inequality, Tax Expenditures
Tax expenditures (TEs) – also called tax benefits, tax reliefs, or simply tax subsidies – are used widely to pursue different policy objectives, e.g. boosting innovation and R&D, attracting investment and reducing poverty. Governments worldwide forego significant amounts of revenues through the implementation of these ... continue reading

COVID-19 and Seizing the Opportunity for Reforming Tax Expenditures in Africa

and | 27 July 2020
Blog, Fiscal | Tags: Covid-19, Domestic Revenue Mobilization, Tax Expenditures
The  resources needed for financing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are estimated at USD 2.5 – 3 trillion per year. According to the IMF, low-income countries (LIC) will need, on average, additional resources amounting to 15.4% of GDP to finance the SDGs in education, health, ... continue reading

The Transition to a Sustainable Post-COVID Economy Requires an Urgent Shift in Central Bank Risk Management

| 10 July 2020
Blog, Monetary | Tags: Central Banks, Climate Risk, Covid-19, Financial Regulation, Monetary Policy Operations, Precautionary principle
The COVID-19 crisis is profoundly and durably transforming our economies. So will the transition to a low-carbon economy, which is necessary to contain the environmental crisis ahead of us. Shifting our economic system from its current state to a sustainable post-COVID version entails large and ... continue reading

Supporting Households with Tax Expenditures in Times of COVID-19

| 3 July 2020
Blog, Publications | Tags: Covid-19, Informality, Sustainable Development, Tax Expenditures
The economic shock triggered by the current pandemic is unprecedented. The number of victims of COVID-19 has already hit half a million and continues to rise. At the same time, the impact on economic output is massive. According to recent OECD estimates, global economic activity ... continue reading