Program: Trade

Mitigating the Adjustment Costs of International Trade

, , , , , , and | 3 September 2018
External, Trade | Tags: Employment
The evidence demonstrating that nations gain from trade is overwhelming. However, trade liberalization can cause disruption to firms and workers, and its gains and losses are spread unevenly. ... continue reading

Energy Tax Expenditures in a Globalized Economy

and | 9 May 2018
Discussion Notes, Fiscal, Trade | Tags: Energy, Tax Competition, Tax Expenditures
Countries around the world have introduced energy taxes to expand revenues, reduce energy consumption and curb greenhouse gas emissions. In that context, they have frequently also implemented tax provisions to lower the energy tax bill for certain industries, households and regions. Tax exemptions and deductions ... continue reading

Trade Policy, Inclusiveness and the Rise of the Service Economy

25-26 April 2018
Trade, Workshops | Tags: Inclusiveness, Services Trade
The Council on Economic Policies, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization are organizing a workshop on 25-26 April, 2018 in Geneva, Switzerland, on policy relevant aspects of the links between trade in services and inclusive growth. ... continue reading

How’s Life?

| 22 January 2018
External, Fiscal, Monetary, Trade | Tags: Environment, Inequality
In November, the OECD published its most recent report on a short but fundamental question: How’s Life? Income is an important, but not the only factor in determining the answer. The OECD reflects this by going beyond the focus on GDP, that has for long ... continue reading

Services Policy Reform and Manufacturing Employment: Evidence from Transition Economies

, and | 13 September 2017
Trade, Working Papers | Tags: Employment, Services Trade
Policy reforms targeting the services sectors are a neglected dimension of the process of structural transformation and economic development. The effects of such reforms on employment across industries as a function of their use of services as intermediate inputs are theoretically ambiguous and remain largely ... continue reading